Kaplan, F., McIntyre, A., Numaoka, C. and Tajan, S. Growing virtual communities in 3D meeting spaces. In Heudin, J-C., editor, Proceedings of Virtual Worlds 98, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1434, pages 286-297, Berlin, 1998 Springer-Verlag.

Sony CSL authors: Frédéric Kaplan, Angus McIntyre, Chisato Numaoka


Most existing 3D virtual worlds are based on a "meeting-space" model, conceived as an extension of textual chat systems. An attractive 3D interface is assumed to be sufficient to encourage the emergence of a community. We look at some alternative models of virtual communities, and explore the issue of promoting community formation in a 3D meeting space. We identify some essential or desirable features needed for community formation - Identity, Expression, Building, Persistence and Focus of Interest. For each, we discuss how the requirements are met in existing text-based and 3D environments, and then show how they might be met in future 3D virtual world systems.

Keywords: virtual communities, 3D worlds


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BibTeX entry

@INPROCEEDINGS { kaplan:98b, ADDRESS="Berlin", AUTHOR="Kaplan, F. and McIntyre, A. and Numaoka, C. and Tajan, S.", BOOKTITLE="Proceedings of Virtual Worlds 98", EDITOR="Heudin, J-C.", PAGES="286--297", PUBLISHER="Springer-Verlag", SERIES="Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1434", TITLE="Growing virtual communities in 3D meeting spaces", YEAR="1998", }